S. G. and E. L. ELBERT v»3 |1 mantlet* hxj SLLA SKITE ELBERT '88 Jit JlUummam > T V KATE&RIEE E. CQMN SPEECH OF H. M. BRACKENRIDGE DELIVERED IN THE Young Men's Convention, HEIFTOEfflBIEEL IIS JPITTSB UKGH: PRINTED AT THE OFFICE OF THE DAILY ADVOCATE. 1838. SPEECH Fellow Citizens, Delegates of Pennsylvania — Yes, fellow citizens, I address you, as the repre- sentatives of Pennsylvania, and not as the repre- sentatives of a party in the State. I see before me men from every county, township, town and city, of Pennsylvania, and men whose intelligence and respectability satisfy me that mind meets mind, and heart meets heart, animated with one senti- ment, one resolution, for the rights and honor of our State, first of all; and next for the maintenance of our federal Constitution in its true spirit and within its true bounds, as the best security for our prosperity and happiness. I see bef -re me in the many thousands who compose this assembly, a number equal to that of the democracy of Athens, over whose heads Demosthenes rolled the thunders of his eloquence; would that I had the voice of a trumpet, and the thoughts of an angel, that I might speak in a manner worthy of the occasion! There are times, fellow citizens, when States and Nations should awaken ; and where in such extre- mity there is no other remedy, it will be sought through the terrible convulsions of a revolution. — Thank God, no such occasion yet exists in this fa- vored country. I am not one of those who depre- cate the existence of party as an absolute evil ; it is in some measure necessary to the purity and health of our free institutions. But there are pe* riods when the State, the nation itself, must arise, put an end for the time to party, in order to re- store the Constitution to its purity, where it has been practically overturned by the corruptions of its administration. The opposing numbers arrayed against this rising of the people in their majesty, ceases to merit the name of a party; it becomes a faction, which in the course of things must be scattered and dissolved. That there is at this mo- ment such a necessity, and such a rising, must be clearly manifest. When I survey this vast assem- blage of chosen, intelligent, respectable, yirtuous citizens, representing in their primitive capacity a million of people, who, if it were possible, would be present themselves — when I see the indications of popular rising in almost every stateof the Union, I cannot doubt the fact of such a necessity. Men of Pennsylvania, this is no slight rippling on the surface of the waters — the mighty billows of the ocean itself have been lifted up before the coming storm. Although professedly a Convention of the young men of Pennsylvania, you have received among you many of the elder citizens, so as to combine the advantages of age for counsel and of youth for ac- tion. To you, young men of Pennsylvania, the duty must be especially assigned, to rescue the ark from the hands of the Philistines; to place it in safety, and to guard it as the most sacred charge in future. Unlramelled by the prejudices, pride or interests of mere party, you are moved only by the pure love of country, and the generous desire to The array of freemen of Pennsylvania, over which I p.iss my eye with the swelling pride I can- not but feel as an American citizen and Pennsyl- vanian, is indeed most encouraging, most cheer- ing. I may safely say that nothing equal to it has ever been witnessed in this Stale, and nothing superior in the Union. I will not be so illiberal as to deny that there will be many worthy and re- spectable citizens in the projected Convention in this city, on next Monday; but I trust that before October the greater part of them will be found with us — that they will leave the (action wl i^h does not rise to the dignity of a party — that they will leave the faction, and join the standard of thtir country. 'Your Convention,' said one of them to me, 'is certainly very respectable, but wait until Monday, and then you will sue a show 1 Most un- lucky expression, and most true! The age ot hum-* bugs, of deceptions and impostures is not yet pass- ed. The office holders of the general government and their numerous dependants and retainers, drummed up by their mercenary hireling presses, will leave nothing untried to make up a show, but it will be like the show sometimes seen at the thea- tre, where its retainers and its actors with a crowd engaged for the occasion, are marched across the stage to represent the grand army of Alexander the Great! No, fellow citizens, it will not be the people, it will not be the real democracy of Penn- sylvania. I have now before me the true democrat cy, the people of Pennsylvania. I see before me those who have belonged to that once powerful party, but who were compelled to leave it at different periods on account of the mis- deeds of its leaders. That party, from a majority of fifty thousand in this State, is now only strugi gling for existence; but it must share the same fate as in New York, its strong hold, as in Virginia, Ohio, and other Stales; for revolutions never go backward — their movement is always onward — you might as well attempt to stay the current of our rivers or the waves of the sea. I see bofore me original democrats, original federalists and origi- nal Jackson men, who supported the election of Jackson, but who felt themselves bound to abandon his administration, at different periods, as its dis- astrous experiments were developed in succession. Some of you left him when be asserted that pirati- cal system of the spoils of office, in its tendency so corrupting to the wholessme blood of liberty, and which created that tremendous power that is now attempting to make itself independent of the peo- pie; like the thirty tyrants of Athens, presenting the alarming spectacle of the people contending against their own servants, who aspire to be inde- pendent, by making a corrupt use of the public of- fices and the vast influence attached to them, in order to become our master. Some of you left Gen. Jackson when he exhibited that most dis- graceful scene of wickedness and corruption,unex«i [ 4 ] his war against the Bank of the United States, wa- ged because he could not make it an engine of po- litical power; and you foresaw and foretold in it the destruction of a sound currency, the derange- ment of trade and industry, the unlimited increase of banks and bank paper, and the harvest for sha- vers, brokers, money dealers and gamblers. Others left him when he removed the deposits, thus "as- suming the responsibility of trampling under foot the constitution and the laws, and then spurning with contempt the thousands of petitions which were humbly laid at his feet! Others could not 6tand the specie circular, which opened the door to vast speculators in the public lands by the gov- ernment mercenary retainers, and brought about the suspension of specie payments by the bankr. There are some here who even stuck to him to the last hour, even after he had spurned the law repealing that infamous circular — a law, passed almost by a unanimous vole of both houses of Congress, and which he could not veto, excepting by this new mode of not acting on it at all. Some cf you even gave your votes to elevate his succes- sor, Martin Van Buren, but could not coniinue that support longer than the year. You could not ap-> prove the detestable, the audacious Sub Treasury Scheme, giving the power over the public money to the Executive by means of officers dependent on it; thus rendering the chiefs and their hirelings independent of the people, and avowing the insult- ing distinction of a sound currency for the public servants, and an inferior one for their masters. — Thus, the people represented by this assembly con- sists perhaps for the greater part of those who once sustained General Jackson and his successor, but whose better judgments, whose sad experience and love of country, will permit them to sustain them no longer- Am I wrong then in saying that you do not represent a party, but" the People of Pennsylvania — no, I am not wrong, I speak the words of incontrovertible truth. There are others that are not yet with us, but they will be with us; for they will not st.nd the last measure of insult in the attempt to give us a Governor from Washing- ton, and a Governor of whom every Pennsyivaniun must be ashamed. Fellow-citizens, yesterday morning, after walk- ing some eight or ten miles in advance of the crow- ded boat, I stopped at a house on the side of the canal, and called for breakfast. The good woman after handing me a cup of coffee, asked tho mean- ing of so many people repairing to Pittsburgh — 'It did not used to be s<>,' said she, 'and I do Dot under- stand it.' 'Madam, 1 will explain the matter. The State of Pennsylvania has been sick, but is now well again, and is going abroad a little for the ben- fit of her health!' Yes, fellow-citizens, the doctor and the apothecary are dismissed, wc are about to take care of ourselves, and the first thing will be to take some nourishing diet. Nay, our stomachs have become so good, and our digestion so much improved, that I believe wc may even venture with safely on a dish of sour crout, with a bit of Dutch hog on the top of it. Yes, lellow-citiz'.ns, it is high time to think and act for ourselves; to look at the contents of the box. instead of being satisfied with the label on the outside, however inviting and plau- flibje it |nav seem. der to declare whether you will continue in office, your present chief magistrate, Joseph Ritner, or whether you will choose another in his place; but there is also a deep and pervading feeling, which proves that other subjects are connected with it, of greater magnitude. If Joseph Ritner has done well, why should he be rejected? Men of Pennsyl- vania, let us bring the claims. of Joseph Ritner and David R. Porter to a summary trial; let us try them by the motto of our State, by the words on the flag which waves its azure folds over our heads, in em- ulation as it were, of the canopy of unclouded blue under which we are assembled, for the very heav- ens appear propitious to our cause. The golden words you read are Virtue, Liberty and Independ- ence. Is there any one so bold, so regardless of decency and truth, as to question the virtue of Jo». seph Ritner? From a poor boy, early depending on his own exertions, he ascended with increasing honor and respect through all the gradations of society, to the highest office in the State, and this through intrinsic merit, and not as the tool of a party or parly leaders, or as the sycophant of those in power. By honest industry and labor, he ac> quired a moderate independence, enough to satisfy a man of unambitious desires— he attained that me- dium between poverty and riches which Solomon himself approved, and which every man with so*, briely, common prudence, ordinary good fortune, and ordinary industry, may reach in this happy land. Riches and poverty are but relative terms — one man may be poor with the wealth of a Girard, another, like Cincinnatus, may be rich with four acres of ground. Ritner, in the estimation of ma 1 * ny, would still be regarded as a poor man, but that kind of poor man admired by the immortal Burns. "What tho' on homely fare we dine, Wear hoddingray, and a' that; The honest man, though e'er so poor, Is king o' men for a' that." Some may be a little richer than others, but no man in this conntry ought to be willing to be placed on the poor list who can earn an honest living. His little independence Ritner acquired by hard labor at the plough, at the loom, and by driving his wag- on; but his only true riches consist in a character which stands unblemished and unimpeached to the present moment. His friends are not compelled, on his account, to cast aside all decency and shame by the disgraceful declaration that no matter how depraved he may be in private life, they wilivote for bun for public office tor the sake of the party. But this is not all." Let mc ask whether Joseph Ritner, who was repeatedly elected to represent one of the most intelligent counties in the State in the General Assembly, and was unanimously elect ed to preside over that body, could be other than a man of highly imjrwed and well stored mind, as well as possessed of weight and dignity of charac- ter? No— allhough self taught, his mind was well stored with knowledge from books, without the aid of college professors. He knows the value of edu- cation, and he has done more to promote that cause in this Slate than all our Governors put together. The life of our great Franklin, one of the most on- lightened men that ever lived, shows what may bo accomplish', d by him who desires to rise above the [ 5 ] Franklin and Ritner for the encouragement of the true democracy of merit, and to you, young v men, farmers and mechanics, do I most especially com* mend them V\ ill any one deny the claim c.f Ritner to that golden word Virtue — virtue in private and in pub- lic life? Is not the word Independence applicable lo him? As a statesman, wc have seen him stand up for Pennsylvania when the Federal Administra- tions of Jackson and Van Buren attempted to en- croach on her rights of sovereignty, by interfer- ence with our elections and legislative acts. It Pennsylvania chose to charter the Bank of the United States it was no business of the officers at Washington, and Rilnei told them so. We might differ among ourselves as to questions of expedi- ency, but is there any one here who will counte- nance the interference of the General Govern- ment in our local concerns? If there be, he has not the feelings of a Pennsylvania!!. No — you are not willing to submit to foreign dictation, and neither was Joseph Ritner. And again, when the disastrous experiments on the currency terminated in its destruction and the stoppage of the banks, did not Ritner promptly issue his proclamation, warning them lo resume as soon as the crisis should be passed; and the moment it was passed by the defeat of the Sub-Treasury Bill, did he not calf upon them to resume? Thus proving himself independent of the Banks, of party, and of the federal corruptions of Van Buren! He has been faithful lo the woid Independence, and the glori- ous word Liberty, heaven descended Liberty— is not that also applicable to him in its true sense? — Can he be otherwise than the friend of Liberty? How con he be Joseph Ritner without being a freeman, the friend of education, the lover of the liberties of his country and of mankind? Let his whole life, private as well as public, give the an- swer lo this question. Now, let us turn to his competitor, David R. Porter — the son of a wealthy man, who acquired a fortune during the revolutionary war, when oth- others spent theirs- A man who had all the op- portunilies of education, and who benefitted but little by them, for he could not even maintain the standing of a petty attorney — a man who has been fed, and has grown rich on public money, by fill- ing petty offices of profit — a man of no reputation for talents, and sea; cely known to the people out of his own district — a man who has been only conspicuous as an intriguing politician, destitute ot all political virtue, and all whose aspirings have began and ended with self. In private life, what is he? Ah! we are told this is a subject too delicate to be touched — private character has nothing to do with political pietension! No — this is not true — the man who claims the suffrages of the people must bare his bosom to the probe — if he cannot stand it he must retire. We meddle not with the private characters of private men. The character of Porter is not even equivocal — there are those who will follow me that will be more explicit. He can lay no claim to the word Virtue. To the word Liberty in some srnse he may lay claim; but it is the liberty the wolf t?kes with the lamb — such lib- erty as is shown by the man who makes free with the earnings of others— sr,ch liberty as is taken by of the insolvent law, and come3 out full handed!—* Men of Pennsylvania! is your State so poor in em- inent and virtuous citizens, that you can find no one to be your chief magistrate who has not been the tenant of a jail, and who does not labor under the imputation of fraudulent insolvency? Can you consent to such a degradation? Can you, without a mighty struggle support such a man to administer a government whose motto is Virtue, Liberty and independence? 1 cannot think it possible. But there is another word by which he must be tried — the word 'independence.' Is David R. Pors ter the free and spontaneous choice of Pennsylva* nia, or of any party in the State? No — he is ihe choice of the office holders at Washington, that ho may be the submissive tool to do their bidding — He is nominated by them, and if elected it will be by their influence, against the wishes of the real people of Pennsylvania. It is well known with what reluctance he has been accepted by the party, the better part of which are ashamed of his pri- vate character; in general they detest the sub trea- sury scheme, and yet the issue is tendered on this question, so that if, by any possibility, Porter shall he elected, Van Buren may pretend to claim the sanction of Pennsylvania for the renewal of his odious project. Nothing retains them in the sup- port of Porter but the idea of fidelity lo the party. Fidelity to party, the curse of the present day, in preference to fidelity to the country — that following of bell-wethers — were the bells shifted to the necks of wolves, still the faithful of the party would con- tinue to follow its well-known tinklings. I call upon those adherents of Van Buren who may be in my hearing, and I conjure them, by their love of country, by their respect for virtue, by their ab- horrence of the Sub-Treasury seheme^o come forth and take their station at once under this azure stan. dard, which waves from the boughs of these trees, and on which the words Virtue, Liberty and In- dependence are inscribed in golden letters! The tree of liberty itself is in danger — not from "the tempest or the breeze," but from the canker worm of corruption at its root. But the worm will be destroyed, and the heaven descended plant will flourish again as gloriously as ever; its boughs will afford a resting place to the birds of the air, and its shade, repose and shelter to man, and to the things created for his use. We have been too much deceived by names, by superficial, specious, and deceitful hopes and pro- mises; by hollow professions, by false dogma, in- tended to produce a momentary delusion. Many of them, and their authors, whether they be agra- rians, Loco Focos, or politicians by profession, or any other of those "cankers of a calm world," whose great object is to live on the earnings and industry of other citizens, have been already placed on the shelf. True democracy consists in equal laws and equal rights, protecting the sober and ins duslrious pursuit of every one, and securing him the enjoyment of his own, under a government of his choice. From my boyhood I have been a demo- crat, and prefer it to any other political name, even the more ancient one of Whig, because it expresses a meaning nearer in accordance with my ideas of free government- It conveys the idea of a govern- merit emanating from the people, and established [ 6 ] a hereditary source for the benefit of a privileged and fortunate class, whose right to offices and hon* ors from their very birth, is established and recog- nized by the laws. It conveys the idea of a go- vernment of the people; established by them for their own benefit and which they are at liberty to change, when it ceases to answer the purposes of its creation. It conveys the idea of the free choice of men as public servants responsible to the people, and removable at their pleasure when they ceass to give satisfaction. Is there any of you who is not a democrat on these terms? Do you not consider it a piece of unexampled insolence in those who pre^ sume to stigmatise you with the names of federal- its, aristicrats, or bankites, because you dare con- demn the conduct of your public servants in office? That the term federalist, should at this day be used as a word of reproach at all, is a gross insult to the understandings of the people, by those who so use it. I may say this, who never belonged to the fed- eral party, who have been the uniform supporter if Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and even of Jackson when he began his administration, but as I could not swallow "the whole hog," he struck at me, and I kicked at him, and we were even. The name of federalist is harmless in itself, and it is only oth- erwise when used as a term of vague unmeaning reproach, addressed to the ears of supposed ignor- ance. And do you not feel indignant at this be trayal of 60 poor an opinion of your understandings? The term in itse'f only means an attachment to our federal constitution, under which the States are bound together in this glorious confederacy. If il can be applied to any one reproachfully,it is to those distinguished leaders of modern democracy, who were conspicuous in the ranks of federalism, when it had a distinct existence as a party. There is so little sense or meaning in the term at present, that I once heard a newly made citizen,' who had not baen long enough amongst us to be acquainted with the history of parties, say to one of our native young men, "you are a federalist, and your father was a federalist before you, in the revolutionary war." No one will deny, that Thomas Jefferson was a demccrat in theory and in practice, both in his opinions and habits. But the habits of men speak a stronger language than profession, as actions speak more than words. Let us compare his de- mocracy with that of the chief of modern patent democracy, Mr Van Buren. When Mr Jefferson went to the capital at Washington, he rode on horse back and fastened the bridle to a post. Now, how does democratic Mr Van Buren appear abroad? After making every allowance for the progress of luxury, this democrat follows too closely in "ihe footsteps" of European sovereigns for my taste. He goes abroad in his coach and lour, with footmen behind, postillions before, and outriders on every aide! But modern democracy it may be said, has grown high minded; it is no longer the vulgar and grovelling thing it used to be; like Jack, in Swift's tale of a tub, it "mounts a high horse, and eats cus- tard" Even that satire on the human species, Amos Kendall it is said, rides in his coach! And certes, if we may judge from some recent occurs renccs, which have taken place in the course of the present year, in Great British, a very wonderful change has come over the spirit of this dr eam of little longer, I will relate it, although a some- what light affair; but feathers, and straws and such things, serve to show how the wind blows; and I must confess, that our modern double refined de- mocracy has a most marvellous squinting towards monarchy. You all know that a splendid pageant has lately been exhibited in London, to the admiring eyes of all Europe, in the coronation of England's young and beautiful little Queen. I wish her well, and that she may reign if her people will it, and may her reign be prosperous and happy. I am an ad- mirer of the fair sex, as far as a married man may be, andj if compelled to submit to a sovs reign, I think I should prefer a Queen, and spe- cially such an one as Victoria is said to be. In*, deed I think it fortunate we are not permitted by our constitution to elect a President for four years from that captivating sex, and with reason, for if one ofour fair countrywomen were President, in- stead of Mr Van Buren I fear there would be little to expect against her from this gallant young men's convention. I am not so certain that I would even trust myself. I might feel like the Poet Anacreon, "My locks are old, but my heart is young," and not so very old — I am only one of Dr Frank- lins young men of fifty. But this is not to the pur* pose. The pageant referred to, one so important to hereditary rank and power, displayed in the first nation of the civilized world, naturally awakened the deepest interest among all the established mon- archies of Europe. Kings' sons, the highest dig- nitaries accompanied by the most gorgeous reti-« nues, were deputed to take part and to assist at that important ceremony. Hitherto our Presidents, from the time of Washington, down to the present lay, had shown no particular and especial interest in such displays, so little in unison with our demo* cratic feelings and principles. They had been con- tent to restrict our national intercourse, to such matters of business, as were necessary to establish a good understanding in our mutual trade, and in our settlement of such differences as might arise between us. But Mr Van Buren has changed all this. Why should he not send his son on a special mission, to join the throng of hereditary greatness and power, as well as other kings* And why should not his genealogy from Adam be as good as theirs? Accordingly autograph letters are made out tor his eldest son, and heir apparent Mr John Van Buren! The young man repairs to Lon- don to take part in the humbug, is graciously re- ceived, and it is said that our prince John was ac- tually paired off with the Duke de Nemours, one of the sons of the King of France, who represented his father on that brilliant occasion. Whether this was intended as a compliment to Prince John or as a slur on the descendant of Mods. Egalile, I will not pretend to say. It has been even hinted that there was some little rivalry in the case; John being noticed in a most flatter ing manner by the little Queen, who invited him to take a seat beside her and tell some yankee sto-> rfae! For my part, I do not think any thing very serious will grow out of this thing — there arc too many obstacles in the way, and 1 therefore do not agree with some persons that Mr. Van Buren has had it in view to strengthen his chance of rcselec- [ 7 ] has been but too successful in obtaining foreign aid from another quarter. Bui, fellow citizen?, are you not ashamed and indignant that our country should be made a laughing stock in the eyes of the world? Can you applaud the conduct of Mr. Van Buren, in sending this little democralic jack- daw to strut among the peacocks of royally? I do not wish to speak of the young man too harshly; I am even pleased with some cleverness reported of him, which proves, that like the celebrated Gil- pin, he is not without "a ready wit." When some of the sprigs of nobility attempted to pluck a fea- ther from his tail by unseasonable inquiries about his pedigree, he is said to have replied, " I am de- scended from Kinderhook" — u 'pon honor, from Kinderhook, an Indian king, I suppose." And this is the democracy of Mr. Van Buren! Such a democracy must be entirely new to the most of you, and yet, this is the democracy of the Pre- sident of the United Slates, and of course of such of his followers as are near him, and who under- take to distribute the new fire of democracy from the centre to the remotest parts of the country. It was the custom among the Sunworshippers, the ancient Peruvians, once a year, to put out all their fires, which were again rekindled by fire distribu- ted from the temple of Cusco ; but now, every man kindles his own fire, on his own hearth, and it is my most earnest prayer, that the time may come when every man in our country will kindle thejire of demo- cracy; and this can only be effected by education, and the general diffusion of information. My hopes are in the young men of our country — they have outgrown, and the beardless youth, just coming on, are fast outgrowing this spurious democracy, Jack- sonism, Van Buienism, Bentonism, Calhounism, and all their baleful fallacies and deceptions. Before I conclude this address, I will give you a little piece of reminiscence of the olden time, connected with the spot on which we are assembled. It will be substantially true, as to the details, there may be some embroidery. Directly in front of the spot I now occupy, in my early day, there was an open common. Instead of being covered, as it is now, by rows of houses, stores, and canal basins, the only building on it, was the Dutch Lutheran Church. But this common was the scene of the most interesting events ; it was the race ground, and in early times, the races were not second in importance and animation, with every man, wo- man, and child, to the election contests, which are so exciting at the present day. Not far from this, a large segment of the circular path, was crossed in two places by a piece of sunken ground, in which after rains, as it happened to be the case at the pe- riod referred to, the water sometimes formed a slough' The church was inside, and not far from the foet of Grant's Hill, and near it, stood the dis- tance pole, and sixty yards further, the starting and winning post. One of the annual races, which I shall never forget, had produced great excitement, and persons far and near repaired to witness the animating struggle. A race, at all times, has something in it peculiarly democratic ; no one ever presumes to claim the purse on account of the pedigree of his horse, but because it is fairly due to his speed and bottom; it matters not whether he be out of the Flying Childers, Godolphin Arabian, or John Patterson's gray marc. Now, on the rel mare, Bob Hays' bay horse, and several others not necessary to mention, as they either flew the course, were distanced, or broke the necks of their riders. The judges of the race were Gen. Presley Neville, General John WilkinB, and John Darragh, citizens universally esteemed for their sound judg- ment and high integrity. Not fur from this, on one of the farms of Gen. O'Hara, there lived an honest German farmer, of the name of Nyman, whose son, a most worthy man, now keeps a livery stable in this city. Nyman, who was the owner of a faithful Conestoga wagon horse, well built and of powerful bone and muscle, bethought him of en- tering for the purse as well as the rest. He ac- cordingly came forward to the judges and tendered his money, they endeavored to dissuade him — "what," said they, "enter yonr old wagon and farm horse, who has bad no regular keeping, and has never beeu trained to racing." "No matter," said Nyman — " tis a free country — my horse has a right to try what he can do, so well as oder hor- ses — if he wins le purse, gute — if he lose, no mat- ter" — So Conestoga was entered with the rest, not, however, without being subjected to some good jokes on aceount of his ruslicily and Dutch extract tion. The word go — was given, the sorrel gallant- ly led the way — the bay followed, Conestoga in the rear of ah, until the last round of the first heat, when, to the surprise of every one, he saved his distance — the sorrel foremost, and the bay not far behind. The contest suddenly became animated-— "two hundred dollars on the sorrel," shouted WiU Ham Wilkins — "I stand by Billy Wilky," hoarse* ly shouted Ned Patchell — "one hundred dollars on the bay," roared Bob Hays — no bet was offered on honest Conestoga. The second heat was again led for some time by the sorrel, but on the se- cond round, the bay shot ahead, Conestoga gain- ing fast on the sorrel, so that the last that was seen of them from the winning post, (the church hiding them from view) the whole three, were not far apart; but no sooner had they re-appear, ed at the distance pole, than Conestoga was ahead of all, and actually came out foremost! All stood for a moment, in silent amazement — the high spirited, chivalrous Wilkins, like, "Stout Gloster stood aghast in sleepless trance," many an unrecorded oath was sworn by Bob Hays, who raised aloft his double loaded whip, but no one cared to approach his ire. Some declared that Con- estoga had lept over the church, and affidavit men offered their services, but were not wanted. To shorten my story, the old wagon horse took the third heat with all ease, and the purse was awarded him. Now as I have been all my life something of a Philosopher; that is, prone to look into the causes of things, 1 was led to inquire how it came, that a plain old farm horse should take the purse from steeds of such high importations. You will recol- lect the Slough of Despond, I have described as crossing the race path; now when the regular cour- sers with their slender shanks had to go through the water and mud, their speed was suddenly checked, while the powerful strength of the winner carried him through with as much ease as on the level ground; he kept the even tenor of his way without any apparent increase or diminution of speed, he was the same thing when he came out as when he started. To you, young men of Pennsylvania, I now commend the moral of my story. Cunning, like a quarter nag, may run Us little race, but cannot re- [ 8 J GOV. SHULZE AN INTERESTING AND IMPORTANT LETTER THE OCTOBER EJECTION. We invite attention to the following interesting and important letter from the pen of that sturdy patriot and unwavering democrat, John Andrew Sjhulze. It is in reply to a communication ad- dressed him by a number of our most respectable citizens, aud alludes, as will be perceived, to the political struggle about to take place in Pennsylva- ma. It cannot but produce a powerful sensation, especially among the old democrats of this Com- monwealth, who twice contributed to the election of Us author to the highest honor of the Key-Stone State, and Who know that a citizen retired from public life and anxious only for the welfare of his country, could have no other motive than patriots ism, — no other object than the "greatest good of the greatest number," in thus deliberately express- ing his sentiments upon the eve of an important political struggle. The testimony of John Andrew Shulze, at such a crisis, is indeed entitled to the consideration of every true-hearted Pennsylvanian. He has no personal feelings to gratify, — no mortified vanity to indulge, — no patron at Washington to fawn before and kneel to. His views are those of a feartess freeman, — a patriot who loves Pennsylva- nia, and is anxious for her honor, independence and prosperity. We commend the letter to gene- ral attention. It is frank, fearless and to the pur- pose. — Phil. Inq. Montoursville, Lycoming County August 29, 1838. Fellow-Citizens — Before the receipt of your let- ter I had heard that it had been represented that I was opposed to the releclion of Governor Ritner, and I had been requested to make known my opin- ion. An unwillingness to obtrude myself upon public attention, and a fear that I might be thought presumptuous, prevented me from publishing my opinions in any other way than by making them known to such of my neighbors or Iriendsas called upon me for that purpose. They all know that I have never hesitated to express a preference for Jo- seph Ritner over David R. Porter. I have no un- kind feelings or personal unfriendliness towards Mr. Porter. I am wholly influenced in my oppo- sition to him, by public principles He is nomina- ted and advocated by those who declare they have entire confidence in the principles, patriotism and talents of Mr. President Van Bnren, while I have no confidence in the qualities thus attributed to Mr. Van Buren. I have never seen any evidence that Mr. Van Buren has any fixed principles, any patriotism or talents. I well remember in the war of 1812, that Mr. Van Buren was opposed to the election of the wise, the gifted, and the patriotic James Madison, and was strongly in favor of De Witt Clinton, who was the "Peace Party" candi-« date. I know nothing of Mr. Van Buren calcu- lated to inspire confidence. He has trod too exactly in the "steps of his predecessor," and seems dis- posed, by his sub-treasury scheme, to dip a little deeper into the pockets of tfye people. If, by any possible contrivance or misrepresentation, Pennsyl- vania should elect Mr. Porter Governor, then would it be blazoned abroad that the people of this State were in favor of the re-election of Mr. Van Buren, and a cloud deep and dark would overshadow the now bright prospects of the democrats throughout the United States. For these and many other rea- sons, it shall be my pleasure, as 1 believe it to be my duty, to do all in my power to insure the re- election of Governor Ritner. I feel assured that the desire to sustain our good old Constitution,will bring thousands more to the polls than ever yet vos ted at any election, and I have entire confidence that the work of the good men ©f the Revolution will not be laid aside, to take up and adopt the piece of patchwork which was put together by the late generally condemned Convention. The Ger- mans of Pennsylvania will hold fast what they know to be good. They know the honesty and straight forward policy ot Joseph Ritner, and tbey will support him. They know he is a good Pennsylva- nian, and that with economy and care, he watches over the interests of the State and the people- — They will not cast away what they have tested, what they know to be good, to try experiments with constitutions or with men, which may turn out to be good for nothing. My correspondence has been extensive, and my other opportunities good, and I do assure you that I have the utmost confidence in the re-election of Governor Ritner. I have said more than I intended, but perhaps not more than is necessary to give you a clear idea of the princi- ples which influence my conduct, and give me such confident hope. This triumph will be followed by one still more important, the election of a genuine democratic President in 1840. Your letter of the 18th inst. only reached me yesterday. I have complied with your wishes, and communicated my views on the questions now agitating the State, with candor, and my entire conviclien. With much respect, i remain, Your obedient servant, J. ANDW. SHULZE. To John L. Woolf, J. Washington Tyson, Joel Cook, Geo. R. Smith, Esqrs.